Revelation (Part 42): Churches—Laodicea

Jesus tells the Philadelphians that he knows them (3:8) as he had told the other churches. He begins recounting this knowledge by saying that he knows they have limited strength. In that, Jesus is not comparing them with the people of other churches. The Philadelphian...

Revelation (Part 40): Churches—Thyatira

As with the other letters, the message to Pergamum ends with Christ’s urging to listen and promise to those who overcome. The victor here is promised hidden manna. Manna was the food—the sustenance—that helped the children of Israel survive through their tribulation...

Revelation (Part 38): Churches—Ephesus

As John sees Jesus in 1:12–16, just as OT prophets did during their visions, he collapses before him in worship. And just as the OT messenger often did (Dan 10:8–10), the messenger here (Jesus) reaches out to touch him, giving him strength and encouragement. Jesus...

Revelation (Part 37): Back to Purpose

We have viewed the entire book from the time John was called through the door of Heaven in the first verse of chapter 4 through the last chapter. We have seen the sun darkened, colored horses coming forth, a serpent, a prostitute, a beast from the sea, 10 horns on a...